Fast X-Ray Sum Calculation Algorithm for Computed Tomography Problem

Bulletin of the South Ural StateUniversity. Ser. Mathematical Modelling, Programming & ComputerSoftware (Bulletin SUSU MMCS), 2020, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 95–106

In iterative methods of computed tomography, each iteration requires to calculate a multitude of sums over values for the current reconstruction approximation. Each summable set is an approximation of a straight line in the three-dimensional space. In a cone-beam tomography, the number of sums to be calculated on each iteration has a cubic dependence on the linear size of the reconstructed image. Direct calculation of these sums requires the number of summations in a quartic dependence on the linear image size, which limits the performance of the iterative methods. The novel algorithm proposed in this paper approximates the three-dimensional straight lines using dyadic patterns, and, using the adjustment of precalculation and inference complexity similar to the adjustment employed in the Method of Four Russians, provides the calculation of these sums with a sub-quartic dependence on the linear size of the reconstructed image.

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